Products and graphite Brushes for electric motors


CETEC S.p.A. is founded in 2015 from the experience of over 30 years of its team in the graphite business area.

New phone number +39 0775 25 71 65

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The activity focuses on: brushes for DC motors, graphite products for mechanical applications,high-temperature isostatic graphite, graphite EDM EDM, graphite heat exchangers

Brushes in graphite





Graphite for electrical use is produced through a mixing process of various powders determined by its final use. Synthetic graphite is the basic compound, common to all categories of graphite. It is produced industrially under a process of purification where all volatile materials (sands, pyrite) in the feedstock are driven off. Successively, synthetic graphite is grinded, sifted and mixed with other compounds such as tar, resins, metallic powders that give to the mixture specific characteristics. The mix are then compacted in small blocks, ready to be process according specific use (size, shunts). Brushes and current collection strips supplied by Cetec are classified as below:


Electro-graphite is mostly used on CC motors of any electric power . Brushes in electro-graphite can be used from 8 to 12 A/cm2 with temporary maximum limit of 20-25 A/cm2. They fit for peripheral speed ≤ 50m/sec. Electro-graphite has good commutation properties. Electro-graphite brushes have a medium voltage drop and a medium/low friction coefficient.


Graphitic brushes are mostly used on steel rings of asynchronous machines or synchronous with high peripheral speed machines (turbo-alternators) Graphitic brushes are able to cushion efficiently impacts and mechanical vibrations due to the fact that they are soft quality brushes. They bear a current density from 10 to 13 A/cm2 and peripheral speed up to 100m/sec.


They are brushes produced with a mix of natural graphite powder and carbon powder. With high hardness benefits, those brushes have good commutation properties also with medium voltage drops and significant temperature resistance. They are mostly used on power tools’motors or motors with low peripheral speed. They bear a current density from 8 to 16 A/cm2 and peripheral speed up to 25m/sec.


For this category, metallic powders are added in the preparation of the mixture. Production process requests to cook the mixture under controlled atmosphere and adequate temperature to confer solidity and molecule cohesion. Brushes in metal-graphite have a higher conductivity, a low electrical resistance and a low friction coefficient. They are mostly used on electrical machines with continuous current and low voltage, on bronze rings of asynchronous motors, industrial current collectors, asynchronous machines motors with low peripheral speed. In permanent current flow, they bear a current density from 12 to 30 A/cm2 and can sustain current up to 90A/cm2. They can tolerate a peripheral speed up to 35m/sec. This category of metal graphite includes the silver-impregnated quality. This quality has an excellent electrical conductivity and therefore is used on machines and installation that require a minimum current drop. For instance, silver-impregnated graphite are requested for dynamo-tachimetric, in transfer systems (signals and measures).


The bakelite-graphite quality is obtained by mixing natural or synthetic graphite with synthetic resins. Those types of brushes are obtained by molding. They are brushes with high mechanical and electrical resistance. They can work with low current density. For this reason, they are installed on motors with variable speed, on current convertors, auxiliary exciters. The current density limit is variable, depending on the type of the resin. Generally those qualities have a density between 8 and 13 A/cm2. In any case, the peripheral speed can not exceed the maximum of 40m/sec.


Heat exchangers of graphite and metallic plates




Due to its remarkable qualities, the impregnated synthetic graphite (Carbonite®, trademark Cepic) is the ideal material for heat exchangers manufacturing:

  • Excellent resistance to corrosive fluids
  • Thermal conductivity that is 3 to 10 times greater than metals,
  • Electrical conductivity that is secured to be used in explosive atmosphere environment (ATEX).
  • Low linear dilatation coefficient,
  • Resistance  to temperatures up to 170°C

Thanks to its joint-venture with Cepic, the French anticorrosion equipment specialist, Cetec is able to provide a wide range of products.

Cepic is a Normandy-based company, with more than 50 years of experience in anticorrosion fields.


Cetec is the ideal customer support to shape and build adapted solutions and if necessary personalized products for heating, cooling and condensing  corrosive fluids.

  • Cylindrical vertical graphite heat exchangers
  • Cylindrical horizontal graphite heat
  • Cubic section graphite heat exchangers
  • Horizontal channel heat exchangers

Anticorrosion solutions are sized in function of customer’s process and application specifications.

They are all manufactured in conformity with the European Directive PED 97/23/EC.


Cetec provides to its customers maintenance and repair service activities for heat exchangers in graphite or with metallic plates, pumps, agitators and filters in graphite including the complete repair or substitution with original spare-parts of dysfunctional elements.


Graphite for high temperature



Graphite is made of crystals organized in parallel strips of Carbon atoms, aligned  as hexagonal atomic structure.

Graphite is used in countless areas, because of its electrical inertia, its mechanical properties in high temperature context and for its thermal and electrical characteristics.
From electrical applications (brushes for motors, current collection strips) to steel industry (products for metal continuous casting). In chemical industry (heat exchangers, pumps, rupture disks) and in aerospace (nozzle for rockets).

For some of those applications, graphite is employed through an isostatic compaction process. With this process, we can obtain semifinished graphite with  very small particle size (high density) and with chemical and physical characteristics, similar in any direction.

With a wide range of isostatic qualities, and strict and controlled production process, Cetec can supply products and components such as:

  • Monoblock ring or with radial section segments for mechanical sealing
  • Bearings for pumps, valves and vanes
  • graphite die and iso-molded graphite for continuous casting
  • electrical resistance;
  • dynamic sealing;
  • carbon vanes for vacuum pumps and compressors

Cetec also offers different qualities of graphite to manufacture electrodes for electroerosion (EDM).
Cetec low-porosity graphite allows to perform precision tasks with  a low geometrical deformation during the erosion operations and a good metal removal with low roughness.

The graphite qualities available cover all kind of working contexts and requests. Graphite with a high removal capacity  and a high finishing quality level. Graphite for a high quality precision works  and high finishing quality level
To complete the portfolio, CETEC also supplies extruded graphite.

This graphite shaped by extrusion is required mainly in the steel industry with electrodes  or in production cycle of non-iron metals, in particular aluminum. The main characteristics are:

  • Good thermal conductivity;
  • Excellent resistance to thermal shock;
  • Easy to  operate;
  • Good expansion coefficients;

With those extrusion graphite, Cetec produces:

  • Calibration rings for aluminium extrusion;
  • Sliding runners for aluminium plates;
  • Agitators;
  • Components for metallurgical ovens.


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